The geography ,population and climate of Greece

The rocky coast of Greece is very uneven. 
It is about 1,500 km long. Three quarters of the Greek territory is covered in mountains.
 Numerous islands are scattered throughout the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean seas. 
These islands are the summits of mountains which were submerged millions of years ago when the Mediterranean basin was covered with water.
Mount Olympus
 Mount Olympus is the highest point in Greece (2,917 m). In mythology, this was the home of the gods. 
The Pinde mountain range runs right through the middle of the country.
  Gamilla Peak
 Gamilla Peak is covered in snow until mid-June.

The country has a total surface area of 132,000 km2.

There is a total population of 10 million inhabitants.

Greece has been- a member of OTAN since 1951.
see the map

The climate
The mountainous regions have a continental climate. The summers are hot and humid and the winters cold and snowy. 

The coastal regions and the islands have a Mediterranean climate – hot and dry in summer and mild and rainy in winter.

The Greek population 
 is made up mainly of Greeks.
There are few immigrants – some Russians who came there after the 1917 Revolution, 1% of Turks who stayed on after the Ottoman Occupation and now a few Albanians.
The population of Athens increased considerably in 1960 and consequently,
a large number of high-rise buildings grew up quickly at that time.

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important to know about Greece

Welcome to Greece

The Greek flag
It is composed of 5 stripes which symbolize the five seas (the Mediterranean, the Ionian, the Dodecanese, the Aegean, and the Thracian Seas).

National anthem
The Hellenic Republic (Elliniki Dimokratia) has a total surface area of 131,000 km2. It has a population of 10.6 million inhabitants of which almost half live in Athens, the capital. The language spoken in Greece is Greek (surprisingly!), but the Greeks are so gifted for languages that it is not unusual to find people who speak English, French and German.

The political regime

 Greece is a parliamentary pluralistic republic. Voting is compulsory in Greece and failure to do so is sanctioned by the loss of passport and driving license. There are two national holidays :

There are two national holidays
25 March
is Independence Day and celebrates the successful rebellion and subsequent independence from the Turks in 1821;
28 October
is known as Ochi Day (after the saint of that day) and commemorates the day in 1940 when the Prime Minister said no to the entry of Mussolini’s troops. The day is marked by processions of school children, students and the Greek Armed Forces.

Their motto :
Liberty or death. My strength lies in the love of my people.

Some famous Greek musicians
: Manos Hatzidakis, Mikis Theodorakis, Yannis Xenakis.

Hippocrates was the greatest physician in Ancient Greece. He founded a school of medicine on the island of Kos and devised the Hippocratic Oath, a charter of moral guidelines which doctors swear to follow.

Some famous poets :
Homer, Sophocles, Sappho.

A famous millionaire :
Aristote Onassis

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