It is about 1,500 km long. Three quarters of the Greek territory is covered in mountains.
Numerous islands are scattered throughout the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean seas.
These islands are the summits of mountains which were submerged millions of years ago when the Mediterranean basin was covered with water.
The Pinde mountain range runs right through the middle of the country.
Gamilla PeakGamilla Peak is covered in snow until mid-June.
The country has a total surface area of 132,000 km2.
There is a total population of 10 million inhabitants.
Greece has been- a member of OTAN since 1951.
see the map
The mountainous regions have a continental climate. The summers are hot and humid and the winters cold and snowy.
The coastal regions and the islands have a Mediterranean climate – hot and dry in summer and mild and rainy in winter.
The Greek population
is made up mainly of Greeks.
There are few immigrants – some Russians who came there after the 1917 Revolution, 1% of Turks who stayed on after the Ottoman Occupation and now a few Albanians.
The population of Athens increased considerably in 1960 and consequently,
a large number of high-rise buildings grew up quickly at that time.
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